Ups and downs in Anwar Ibrahim's political career

Victor Gill

Sept 2016: Mr Anwar and Dr Mahathir meet for the first time since 1998 and mend ties

1974: Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim, then an Islamic youth leader, is detained for leading an anti-government protest. He spends 20 months in jail.

1982: He shocks supporters by joining Umno at the invitation of Prime Minister and Umno president Mahathir Mohamad.

1983: Becomes Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, the start of his meteoric rise up the ranks.

1991: Made Minister of Finance.

1993: Promoted to Deputy Prime Minister.

Sept 2, 1998: Sacked from Cabinet posts and later expelled from Umno.

Sept 20, 1998: Tens of thousands of his supporters take to the streets, calling for Tun Dr Mahathir to resign. Mr Anwar is arrested at home.

Sept 29, 1998: Appears in court with a black eye after being beaten by police chief Abdul Rahim Noor. Pleads not guilty to charges of corruption and sodomy, which he says were politically motivated.

April 1999: Sentenced to six years’ jail for corruption. His supporters form Parti Keadilan Nasional.

Aug 2000: Sentenced to nine years’ jail for sodomy.

Sept 2004: Released after the Federal Court acquits him of the sodomy charge. But his corruption conviction means he is banned from politics for five years.

  Related Story Anwar‘s move shakes up Malaysia’s political landscape in make-or-break gambit March 2008: Malaysia’s opposition wins five states in the general election and denies Barisan Nasional (BN) its two-thirds majority in Parliament.

June 2008: Former aide Saiful Bukhari Azlan lodges police report claiming Mr Anwar had sodomised him.

Right: On the cover of Time magazine in 1997. Far right: Mr Anwar being protected by supporters as police arrest him on Sept 20, 1998. PHOTOS: TIME, SIN CHEW DAILY

Aug 2008: Wins Permatang Pauh by-election after his wife vacates the seat for him to contest. Returns to Parliament as leader of the opposition.

Jan 2012: High Court acquits Mr Anwar of second sodomy charge.

May 2013: Leads Pakatan Rakyat to win 51 per cent of the popular vote in the election. But BN wins more parliamentary seats and retains control.

March 2014: Court of Appeal overturns High Court ruling, sentences Mr Anwar to five years in jail for sodomy.

Feb 2015: Federal Court upholds conviction.

Sept 2016: Mr Anwar and Dr Mahathir meet for the first time since 1998 and mend ties.

July 2017: Mr Anwar is named de facto leader of the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition, with Dr Mahathir as chairman.

May 2018: PH wins the general election. King grants Mr Anwar full pardon. He is released from prison.

Oct 2018: Wins Port Dickson by-election, marking his official return to politics. Waits for Prime Minister Mahathir to hand over post as agreed by PH parties.

Feb 2020: PH government collapses. Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia president Muhyiddin Yassin becomes prime minister.

Sept 2020: Mr Anwar announces he has secured a “formidable” majority to form a new government.

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